Aspirations and realities of intergovernmental collaboration in national-level interventions: insights from maternal, neonatal and child health policy processes in Nigeria, 2009-2019
In Nigeria’s federal government system, national policies assign concurrent healthcare responsibilities across constitutionally arranged government levels. Hence, national policies, formulated for adoption by states for implementation, require collaboration. This study examines collaboration across government levels, tracing implementation of three maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) programmes, developed from a parent integrated MNCH strategy, with intergovernmental collaborative designs, to identify transferable principles to other multilevel governance contexts, especially low-income countries.
The results showed that misaligned governance structures constrained implementation. Specific governance characteristics (subnational executive powers, fiscal centralisation, nationally designed policies, among others) did not adequately generate collaboration dynamics for collaborative actions.